The Effects of Obesity on Fertility

For couples battling fertility, there is a fantastic tool that would help the scale. That is right. Being overweight or obese can affect a couple’s ability to get pregnant.

Obesity is the reason why six percent of women who haven’t been pregnant before, struggle to get pregnant says the American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM). Obesity affects infertility by changing the way a woman’s body stores sex hormones. Here is how:

  • Fat cells convert a male hormone referred to as androstenedione, into a female hormone called estrone.
  • Estrone affects the metabolism of that part of the brain that regulates ovarian and testicular function.
  • This can impair reproductive function.

And it id not just the woman’s weight that affects fertility. Obese men are more likely to possess low or nonexistent sperm counts.

This happens for several reasons:

  • Obesity can elevate body temperatures, especially around the scrotum.
  • It also can cause hormonal imbalances. Obese men are more likely to possess higher estrogen levels, combined with lower levels of sperm-producing hormones like inhibin b and androgen.
  • This can mess with sperm count, sperm concentration, and, therefore, the sperm ability to swim well, consistent with a March 2010 study within the journal Nature Reviews Urology.

Ways Obesity Affects Your Fertility

When it comes to obesity, you’ve read all about the risks. You recognize the increased risk for a heart condition, diabetes, back and joint problems, and lots of other medical conditions.

But there is something you might not know: Excess weight can decrease your chances of becoming pregnant. Obesity has several different effects on your fertility—as well as your partner’s.

1. Obesity affects your hormones

When your body mass index goes past the overweight category meaning a BMI of 25–29.9 into the obese category BMI of 30 and more, hormonal changes may occur in your body. When your levels of natural hormones change, your chances of conception decrease.

2. Obesity results in insulin resistance

The hormonal imbalance that comes with obesity often results in insulin resistance. That is a significant risk factor on the road to diabetes but it also affects your fertility and may create abnormal menstrual cycles. Insulin resistance can cause anovulation, during which your body doesn’t produce eggs properly.

3. Obesity affects natural and assisted pregnancies

Obesity makes it tougher to become pregnant, regardless of whether you’re using natural means or by reproductive technologies like in-vitro fertilization (IVF). It also increases your risk of a miscarriage. This issue could also be caused by the hormonal issues noted above or your body producing poor quality eggs.

4. Obesity decreases your partner’s fertility, too

Although much of the focus of obesity and infertility is on women, it affects men, also. For men, obesity results in a drop by testosterone, which may cause impotence. On top of that, male erectile dysfunction may occur among obese men.

5. Losing weight will surely help with all of the above

If the problems above seem daunting, don’t fret — you and your partner can improve your chances of success by focusing on weight loss. As loose weight the hormonal imbalances and other side effects of obesity begin to decrease. If you would like to help with a weight-loss plan, ask your doctor. But you can start on a healthy path by incorporating positive lifestyle changes like regular exercise, reduced portion sizes, healthier food choices and a healthy diet.

Natural Ways to boost fertility

Fertility issues affect up to fifteen couples out of hundred. Luckily, there are a couple of natural ways to extend your fertility and become pregnant faster. Diet and lifestyle changes are key to a successful pregnancy.

Eat Foods That Are Rich in Antioxidants

Antioxidants like folate and zinc may improve productivity for both men and ladies. Antioxidants deactivate the free radicals in your body, which may damage both sperm and egg cells

Eat a much bigger Breakfast

Eating a considerable breakfast may help women with fertility problems. One study found that eating a more substantial breakfast may improve the hormonal effects of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a significant cause of infertility.

Avoid Trans Fats

Eating healthy fats is essential for enhancing fertility. However, trans fats are related to an increased risk of ovulatory infertility thanks to their adverse effects on insulin sensitivity.

Trans fats are commonly found in hydrogenated vegetable oils and are usually present in some margarine, fried foods, processed products, and junk food.

Cut Down on Carbs

Following a low-carb diet is usually recommended for women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Lower-carb foods may assist you in maintaining a healthy weight, reduce insulin levels, and encourage fat loss, all while helping menstrual regularity. A healthy diet is always recommended.

Eat Less Refined Carbs

It’s not just the quantity of essential carbs, but also the quality that effects weight loss. Refined carbs could also be especially problematic. Refined carbs may include sugary foods as well as drinks, much of the processed grains, such as white pasta, bread, and rice.

Eat More Fiber

Fiber helps your body get rid of excess hormones and keeps blood glucose balanced. Some samples of high-fiber foods are whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and beans. Particular sorts of fiber can help remove excess estrogen by binding it to the intestines. The surplus estrogen is stored.

Get Active

Exercise has many countless benefits to your health. A sedentary lifestyle has been related to a better risk of infertility.

Cut the Caffeine

Caffeine can negatively affect female fertility. One study suggests that women who consume over 500 mg of caffeine daily take up to 9.5 months longer to urge pregnant.

IVF Treatment

If you and your partner are struggling to get pregnant, you are not alone. Within the US, 10% to 15% of couples are infertile. Infertility is defined as not having the ability to become pregnant despite having frequent, unprotected sex for a minimum of a year.

Infertility may result from a problem with either you or your partner or a mixture of things that hinder pregnancy. Fortunately, many safe and effective therapies significantly improve your chances of getting pregnant.


Infertility treatment depends on:

  • What’s causing the infertility
  • How long you have been infertile
  • Your age and your partner’s age
  • Personal preferences
  • Some causes of infertility cannot be corrected.

In cases where spontaneous pregnancy doesn’t happen, couples can often become pregnant through assisted reproductive technology utilization. Infertility treatment may involve significant financial, physical, psychological, and time commitments.

Treatment for men

Men’s treatment for general sexual problems or lack of healthy sperm may include:

Changing lifestyle factors.

Improving lifestyle and certain behaviors can improve chances for pregnancy, including discontinuing selected medications, reducing or eliminating harmful substances, improving frequency and timing of intercourse, exercising regularly, and optimizing other factors which will otherwise impair fertility.


Certain medications may improve sperm count and, therefore, the likelihood of a successful pregnancy. These medicines may increase testicular function, including sperm production and quality.


In certain cases, surgery could also be used to reverse a sperm blockage and restore fertility. In other cases, surgically repairing a varicocele may improve overall chances for pregnancy.

Sperm retrieval.

These techniques obtain sperm when ejaculation may be a problem or when no sperm is present within the ejaculated fluid. They’ll even be utilized in cases where assisted reproductive technologies are planned, and sperm counts are low or otherwise abnormal.

Treatment for Women

Some women need just one or two therapies to enhance fertility. Other women may have several different types of surgery to become pregnant.

Stimulating ovulation with fertility drugs.

Fertility drugs are the first treatment for women who are infertile, because of ovulation disorders. These medications regulate or induce ovulation.

Intrauterine insemination (IUI).

During IUI, healthy sperm is placed directly within the uterus around the time the ovary releases one or more eggs. Studies on infertility show, IUI’s timing is often coordinated with your normal cycle or with fertility medications.

Surgery to revive fertility. Uterine problems like endometrial polyps, a uterine septum, intrauterine connective tissue, and a few fibroids are often treated with hysteroscopic surgery. Endometriosis, pelvic adhesions, and more significant fibroids may require laparoscopic surgery or surgery with a bigger incision of the abdomen.

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